Pipelay vessel Solitaire has started laying the first line of the Nord Stream 2 twin gas pipeline in Russian waters.
Infrastructure bottlenecks in Europe will limit Russia's export capacity, according to Wood Mackenzie.
Nord Stream 2 will form part of a modern corridor connecting Europe to vast gas reserves in Northern Siberia.
Gazprom projects fully underway, including the Power of Siberia gas pipeline and the Amur Gas Processing Plant.
GlobalData’s recent report has found that Russia will contribute 75% of Former Soviet Union’s oil and gas pipeline additions to 2022.